Veneers, dental crowns, as well as ceramic bridges are the latest challenges of modern prosthodontics.
Prosthodontics is the area of dentistry that deals with missing or deficient teeth and oral and maxillofacial tissues. Losing even a single tooth is an aesthetic and inconvenient problem.
Teeth form a complex set, and even one missing tooth contributes to the occlusal abnormalities (moving teeth, passive eruption of opposing teeth), and bone loss. Another problem that can occur as a result of a tooth loss is connected with abnormalities in temporomandibular joints.
Making a decision about the completion of the occluded surfaces is extremely important.
DuoDenti offers all types of prosthodontic procedures available on the market, paying special attention to the least invasive ones. They are performed after a comprehensive consultation with a prosthetist. The latest prosthodontic opportunities are for the taking.
1) CERAMIC (PORCELAIN) VENEERS
A veneer is a thin porcelain shell that is put on the front surface of a tooth. Porcelain veneers are a kind of alternative of all-ceramic crowns and traditional metal and ceramic fillings. Veneer is a fast and easy way to completely change the smile, not damaging a great number of natural tissues. All-ceramic crowns, the most popular type of restoration in the past, have been recently replaced by veneers. They are perfectly accepted by natural tissues, and their structure perfectly reflects natural teeth. They absorb, reflect and transmit light the same way as natural teeth. Moreover, they are characterized by natural fluorescence. The thickness of veneers ranges from 0,4 to 0,7 mm, which corresponds the thickness of natural enamel.
The range of situations when a veneer is recommended to be used includes:
- unaesthetic fillings on the mesial surfaces,
- middle-sized abrasion on a working edge,
- highly stained teeth, e.g. in result of taking tetracycline,
- abnormal development of labial surfaces of teeth,
- closing diastema (a gap between teeth),
- correction of abnormalities of the position of teeth in an arc,
- lengthening pathologically abraded teeth.
INNOVATION! A veneer that can be applied without polishing of teeth – made on a platinum foil of minimal thickness (0,025 mm).
Inlay-onlay is an indirect filling used in a serious cavities of side teeth (incisors and molars). It is an alternative of traditional fillings, e.g. the composite ones, protecting a tooth from breaking. They allow to thoroughly restore dental hard tissues (restoring of grooves, lumps and contact points of teeth). They are made in a prosthetic laboratory after taking dental impressions. The range of materials that are used to make these filings includes ceramic, composite or gold (bacteriostatic effect). Such fillings are very durable and abrasion-resistant. They also provide a great aesthetic effect.
Endocrown is a method of restoring a damaged tooth after endodontic treatment. It consists of a part surrounding the perimeter of a tooth and an retention opening in a chamber, however without interfering a tooth root (it is not necessary to apply a root post). The method is based on using a big surface of a chamber in order to stabilize the filling, as well as for its retention through applying some adhesive procedures. It is a great alternative of average crowns on side teeth deprived of their pulp. Similarly to inlay-onlay, it is made from ceramic or composite materials in a prosthetic laboratory.
A ceramic crown is a fixed filling that is to restore the tooth crown, greatly resembling a natural tooth. It is recommended in the following cases:
- replacement of old, leaky crowns and bridges,
- an extensive damage of a tooth as a result of tooth decay or injury,
- multiple, leaky and extensive fillings,
- the correctness of a colour, shape and positon of teeth,
- the correctness of phonetic and aesthetic aspects.
There are several types of crowns:
- porcelain crowns on a metal base (e.g. steel, gold),
- ceramic crowns on a zirconium base and all-ceramic crowns – used to obtain anaesthetic effect due to a lack of an effect of a blue/grey gum, especially recommended to be applied on a front surface,
- ceramic bridges, similarly to porcelain crowns, are fixed fillings applied when one or a few teeth are missing. They are joined to adjacent teeth after their polishing. Materials that are used to make dental bridges are the same as in the case of single crowns.
It is a kind of a restoration that is joined to the tooth root after a root canal treatment. It is recommended when a tooth crown is extensively damaged or a tooth is broken, what means that a dental crown and a dental bridge need to be applied.
Posts can be made from glass fiber, directly in a patient’s oral cavity or indirectly – in laboratory, from different alloys and based on a dental impression.
A denture is a removable type of a prosthetic device that is to replace missing teeth. Depending on a number of missing teeth, it is possible to enlist a few types of dentures:
- complete acrylic denture – applied when all upper or lower teeth are missing. It is made about 3 months after teeth are removed, when a crestal bone is healed. It is also possible to make so-called immediate dentures, i.e. made in the same day the teeth are removed. However, while applying such a type of a denture, lining is necessary afterwards.
- partial acrylic denture teeth – applied when a few teeth are missing, joined to natural teeth by metal clasps,
- frame dentures – in contrast to acrylic dentures, their acrylic base is reduced as much as possible, improving the user’s comfort. The attachments of this type of dentures are metal clasps, pins or various telescopic crowns, valves (that contributes to a better aesthetic effect).
A dental guard is a plastic device that are custom-designed, based on a dental impression and a facebow record. They are basically used at night in order to improve relaxation of jaw muscles, as well as to prevent from teeth abrasion (bruxism).
We cordially invite you to take advantage of highly professional prosthetic services provided by DuoDenti in Poznan.